Health and economic development are two important strands of human progress. Good health is a fundamental pursuit for all, and good heath is the human capital necessary to create economic wealth. Thus, global health is a key condition for successful human development and transitional economic cooperation. Division of labor and international market collaboration facilitated by globalization have also greatly improved the space and efficiency of resource allocation in countries worldwide, providing unprecedented economic progress that supports health promotion and disease prevention activities. One of the United Nation’s 2030 Sustainable Development Goals aims to help countries escape the dual shackles of poverty and disease. North-South and South-South economic cooperation, as well as international trade, global investment, technology sharing, and world health management, are all decisive factors in accomplishing these goals.