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【健康经济学】Information, Goal Setting and Performance: A Field Experiment




论文题目:Information, Goal Setting and Performance: A Field Experiment


We investigate how information impacts goal setting and performance by conducting a field experiment that varies with respect to whether students know or do not know their true relative ability when they set goals in a university physical education course based on relative performance rating. We document that most students set challenging goals, based on either their actual or estimated relative ability, proxied by their relative performance in an baseline test. However, only a small proportion of students predict their performance accurately; under- and over-estimation are equally common. Consequently, consistent with our theoretical prediction, receiving information about one’s relative ability significantly improves goals – increasing (decreasing) goals set by students who underestimate (overestimate) their initial relative test performance. We find that providing information significantly raises both relative and absolute final test performance of those who underestimate their relative ability. However, we do not find any effect on performance for students who overestimate themselves.

主讲人简介:何浩然,瑞典哥德堡大学经济学博士,北京师范大学京师特聘教授、博士生导师、国家一级运动员。主要研究领域为行为经济学、实验经济学、劳动力市场、亲社会行为、团队决策、公共政策评估。近年来在Economic Journal、Journal of Labor Economics、Experimental Economics、Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization、Journal of Economic Psychology、Economics Letters、China Economic Review、《管理世界》、《经济学(季刊)》、《世界经济》等期刊上发表多篇论文。